Were the moon landings faked?

27 Feb


If the moon landings were fake or not, is a debate that is still actual today. I think we are going to get a definitive answer shortly after the next moon landing is completed by NASA or by someone like Elon Musk, who seems to know how to reignite the interest in space in our young minds, which is something vital if we want to carry on the tradition of space exploration.

Four decades after Neil Armstrong touched the surface of the Moon for the first time, some people still wonder if that was a fraud or not. Some theorists say everything was filmed in a Hollywood studio, but they never seem to have the necessary proof to sustain their claims.

The most common idea among skeptical people is that the Americans were scared that the Russians were going to beat them at the space conquest game, so they forced Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin to act out the mission in a secret location in Hollywood or area 51.

They use as an argument the fact that the movements of the American flag they weaved when they reached the surface of the celestial body shows the presence of wind, a thing that is impossible in an environment like the one on the Moon.

NASA even released a statement, saying that Aldrin caused the flag to move, as he was trying to plant it in the soil. Inspired by the 1968 movie, “2001: A Space Odyssey”, people started speculating that Stanley Kubrick was the one who directed the fake moon landing.

People also noticed that you can’t see any stars in the photographs of this great event. But what people fail to apprehend, is that this is a common occurrence when it comes to space photography, because the contrast between dark and light areas is more significant than here on Earth.

If you were on the Moon, after some adjustment to the new light conditions, you would start to notice the stars on the sky, but cameras have problems picking up a detailed image of the lunar sky. Even with the technological advances today, the astronauts on the International Space Station still have problems taking photos of our planet that also include the stars around us.

Conspiracy adepts even took notice of the funny shadows in the photographs from the Moon, the non-parallel ones. The shadows on the moon pointed in more than one direction, which is weird considering the Sun is the only light source there. They say it’s a proof that studio lights were involved in manufacturing those photos.

However, an uneven surface could be a more plausible answer, as it could project shadows at different angles, even when one light source is available. It is something that is present on Earth too. So most proof points towards the Moon landing not being a fraud, but rather a historical event in our human saga.


Strange things you might not know about the first moon landing

15 Feb


We all know that the first moon landing took place in 1969 under the presidency of John F. Kennedy. The name of that mission was Apollo 11 and its crew was comprised of three men. The first man who ever set foot on the moon is credited to be Neil Armstrong.

But, even though we have all seen the photos and have heard the radio transmission, there are still plenty of strange things that happened during the mission which led to a wide array of criticism and conspirative theories. We all know that the most common theory is that, in fact, the moon landing was a scam that was recorded in a cinema studio and there are several things to support this theory.

Nevertheless, with or without the conspiracy theories, there are still some strange things about the first moon landing we know you missed. Here are some of the most interesting.


Putting a man on the moon was, in fact, a goal that American president, John F. Kennedy, set during the first years at the White House, around 1961.


None of the astronauts had a health insurance. Although they were heavily rewarded by NASA after they arrived back home, none of the three astronauts that landed on the moon in 1969 had a health insurance. So, in case things went wrong, they decided to sign a bunch of autographs prior to the launching that would later be sold for good money.


The first words that were said on the moon are debatable. Some historians argue that the first words were, in fact, “contact light”, while, according to NASA, Armstrong’s famous phrase represents the beginning of a new era. And, speaking of the phrase, Neil Armstrong confirmed in his biography that his exact words were, in fact, “One small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind”.


All flags that were placed on the moon were manufactured by a company named Sears. However, just like with other things, NASA has denied this information for a long time, allegedly not to provide a reason for free advertising. However, NASA eventually confirmed that all flags were purchased from the same manufacturer and from different ones in the Texas area.

Another curious thing about the moon landing is that the astronauts left behind a whole bunch of things, not only the planted flags. Amongst the things that were left on the moon were their backpacks, 73 messages from world leaders, as well as a gold olive branch-shaped pin that’s the universal symbol of peace.

Lastly, what’s also interesting about the moon landing is that it was a global event that anyone had watched and heard of. This is why the astronauts of Apollo 11 were asked by NASA not to engage in any religious discussions that could insult or offend a minority of the world. However, Aldrin is known to be the first and only person who participated in a Christian Communion ritual on the Moon.


What you should know about the Moon

16 Jan


Every time humans looked up the sky and at the Moon, they have been wondering what’s out there. From the early humans to the modern day sapiens, the Moon has given us food for thought almost constantly. It wasn’t enough that we stepped on its surface, a moment that is still a landmark in our history, but we had to learn more about its creation and its place in the cosmogony of the universe.

And to honor the fact that it influences us daily and because it adds beauty to our skies, here you have some things which are a must-know when it comes to the grey rock that leads us into the darkness of the night.



The celestial body is not called The Earth’s moon without reason. Regarding its genesis, scientists have speculated that the moon was once part of our planet. There are speculations which say the two cosmic pieces were formerly a single body, which has been ripped into two pieces after a collision with another planet. There aren’t many proofs to sustain the theory, but it does make you dream about the possibilities.

The Moon’s surface it’s a hostile place for life. There’s no breathable oxygen there, as it doesn’t have an atmosphere, and the soil is dead. It means you couldn’t grow a single thing in it, even if the terrain is incredibly diverse and full of patterns that you can notice yourself with a quality telescope. Also, gravity would be a problem if you wanted to go on a stroll, as you would float rather than walk.

Our natural satellite has no impressive rings, as Jupiter has. And it is rather small, compared with other planets or even to other moons. It makes a complete orbit around the planet we call Home in 27 days, and it spins at a constant rate meaning when you look at the Moon, you only see one side during the course of the orbit.

Unless you are somebody that believes the man has never landed on its surface, the Moon is the only body outside of our planet that humans have ever touched. Even the Space Station is not technically outside of Earth’s reach, as it is in its lower orbit. But unlike Uranus or Saturn, at least the Moon has a rocky surface on which we can walk. The other two mentioned are gas giants.

The Moon’s still a mystery to most of us. It has been too long since we visited and we can only rejoice that there are programs and countries that are planning to go back in the near future, and even start a colony. Alongside Mars, the satellite has been part of our dreams ever since we become wise enough to ask ourselves if we are truly alone in the Universe.


Cool facts about the universe

1 Jan

It’s not easy getting to know the entire Universe because it is full of complexities that can’t even be explained. Us humans know merely the surface of this gigantic thing and whenever we get the opportunity to see images and learn new facts, we can’t stop our endless contemplation. Due to so many worldwide organizations that seek to explain things about space, we are able to find out what really goes on in our world that goes on beyond planet Earth.

One cool fact relates to the sky that we are so eager to watch whenever we’re in a nostalgic or romantic mood. In case you didn’t know, the stars you see at night are so far away from you that it has taken a long time for them to travel across the entire space, before letting us engage in a stargazing session.

Basically, whenever we look up at the ski we are looking in the past because this is how stars looked then. For instance, Vega is a bright star that is somewhat close to the Earth, at only 25 light-years distance. This means that we get to see the light that left Vega 25 years ago. Many stars that we admire are so further away that the image in front of our eyes is way deep in their past.

Another interesting fact is that thanks to the Hubble telescope, we are allowed to look back almost billions of years into the Universe past. This remarkable piece of tool developed by NASA has given us so many amazing images that display a small patch of the sky in full detail. We now know a lot about more than 10,000 objects such as small galaxies and we can be transported 13 billion years back, which is quite fascinating.

Believe it or not, but the biggest mountain in our solar system is located on Mars. Known as Olympus Mons, this tall mountain is, in fact, a gigantic volcano quite similar to the ones from the Hawaiian Islands. It is 16 miles tall and sprawls at a distance of almost 400 miles. If you’re not certain how much is this, just imagine a mountain that is 3 times bigger than the Everest.

We all complain about the time and how we barely manage to get our things done in one single day. Crazy as it may sound, a year on the planet Venus is shorter than one day spent there. Because Venus has a slow rotation in our Solar System, it takes less to complete its orbit that to make a full rotation. This translates to days that are longer than an actual year. If you’re planning to move to Venus, think twice. You’ll have to get used to electronic storms, clouds with sulfuric acid, and high levels of CO2.


5 things you didn’t know about the moon

11 Nov


The Moon is with us every single moment even when we don’t notice. It’s responsible for making our nights brighter, provides support for the tidal activity, and gives a beautiful Lunar Eclipse to admire in full splendor from time to time. Nevertheless, there are some cool facts about the Moon that you probably didn’t know. Keep reading and see what’s the big fuzz about.

The Moon doesn’t orbit the Earth.

Not only it doesn’t orbit the Earth, in fact, it travels at almost the same pace as our planet does. It either travels behind or ahead, depending on the Earth as it revolves around the sun.  

Basically, the Sun has full command over the moon’s motion. The reason we think faulty is that we see it that way from our perspective. During the full moon, the Moon is opposed the sun, and then, after a two-week period, it casts a shadow on the Earth, while being in the same direction as the sun.

We are missing the fact that, over the course of a year, the moon does not loop around the Earth while it goes around the sun. Instead, it moves in tandem with our planet.


It used to be a part of Earth.

According to some theories belonging to modern astrophysics, the Moon formed from a material that used to belong to Earth a long time ago. When our planet was very young, an object having a size almost identical to Mars, slammed the Earth and created a large amount of planetary material that wandered through space. It stayed around the Earth until it took a form and created the Moon. It looked a lot different back then because of the molten surface hit by meteors. Thanks to the Moon, we are protected from impactors.


It would take hundreds of thousands of moon to get to the sun’s level of brightness

Since the Moon shines with a magnitude of -12.7 and the sun has one of -26.7, it’s clear that the ratio of brightness belonging to the sun is way bigger than the one owned by the Moon. So, you’ll need tons of moons if you want to equal the brightness caused by the sun. Basically, we don’t have that much space to fit all those moons in the sky.  

The Moon has its own time zone.

If you weren’t aware of, there’s a thing called lunation which is the equivalent of 29.530589 Earth days. Therefore, the lunar time is quite similar to the standard time zone we use on Earth. The only difference is that it is based on 12-degree meridians. Plus, a lunar year has 354 Heart days.


The Earth’s atmosphere is responsible for the color of the Moon.

During lunar eclipses, the only sunlight that gets close to the Moon is what passes through our planet’s atmosphere. Once the filters refract the sunlight, red is the only color from the spectrum that leaves behind, giving the Moon the same effect as sunsets. If there was no atmosphere on Earth, the moon would go pitch black during lunar eclipses.



Quality telescopes for beginners

8 Oct


If you want to become an amateur astronomer and you need a proper tool to enjoy your stargazing session, you should get a quality telescope. Because there is a vast array of telescopes and accessories available on the market, you might face a tough decision. Therefore, we’ve got some cool tips regarding the basics of how these tools work.

Before you make a purchase, you must determine what features matter most to you and how often you intend to use this type of spectating device. There are certain factors that have an impact on your viewing experience. For instance, it’s not the same if you only have spare time to do this activity during the day or at night.

Also, you need to be aware of your budget limitations. If you plan on becoming an expert in the field, you’ll need to spend more. Beginners tend to overlook the storage as well as the weight of the telescope. Not all units are equipped the same and some of them are more practical than others.

One technical aspect that you need to consider is the aperture of the telescope. This is a component quite discussed by most stargazing enthusiasts and it refers to the diameter of the telescope’s mirror or lens. Also, it gives you details about the quantity of light the unit lets in and the capacity of providing sharp images for the viewer.

The reason why aperture is so important is that this feature is a correspondent for the strength and power of the telescope. Multiple telescope reviews recommend choosing for a smaller aperture because bigger ones are equal with an expensive and bulkier item.

Another element of great importance when in the market for a top-notch telescope is the magnification. Even though you might be tempted to think that a powerful magnification brings the objects closer to your eyes, hence, you get to see clearer; in reality, a larger magnification doesn’t allow you to see the images in a better quality. This happens because a big amount of light is dispersed over a large area so the images get blurred and not crystal clear.


When choosing a good telescope and you don’t know much about this type of units, you must take into consideration the eyepiece. They determine the magnification power and the field of view of the product. Some bargain deals such as Meade telescopes provide good features, even high-quality eyepiece, without costing a fortune.

Even if you have a bigger budget, don’t get the largest or the biggest telescope that you encounter. People that use them on a regular basis know that smaller units are more manageable. Aside from that, if you’re just starting to learn the planets you really don’t need all the advanced features until you become more familiar with astronomy.